AIIMS May 2012 – MCQ 7

Collection of Medicine MCQs (Cardiovascular system) for medical students. Concept based MCQs with detailed explanations which help students to gain valuable insights and gain an edge in competitive examinations. More than just answering MCQs, the explanations will improve the knowledge and understanding about the conditions discussed. Also useful for MD students who are preparing for Superspeciality entrance examinations. Medicine MCQs - Cardiovascular System Kindle Edition: Click Here for a Preview. Comments and suggestions are most welcome.

Mechanism of development of edema in nephrotic syndrome is?
A. Sodium and water retention
B. Loss of proteins
C. Hyperlipidemia
D. Increased venous pressure

Correct answer : B. Loss of proteins

(Repeat AIIMS Nov 2010)

Explanation: In nephrotic syndrome, there is loss of proteins through the glomeruli. This results in hypoalbuminemia and decreased plasma oncotic pressure. Thus fluid moves into the extravascular compartment – development of edema.

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AIIMS May 2012 – MCQ 6

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