Cardiovascular effects of ketamine anesthesia

  • Ketamine causes stimulation of the cardiovascular system
  • It increases myocardial oxygen demand
  • The hemodynamic changes include increase in
    • Heart rate
    • Cardiac Index
    • Systemic Vascular Resistance
    • Systemic and pulmonary artery pressure
  • Since ketamine produces hypertension, it is rarely used in hypertensive patients

Reference:
Hypertension: a companion to Brenner and Rector’s the kidney By Suzanne Oparil, Michael A. Weber

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