Complications of mumps

The complications of mumps are:

  • Orchitis
    • Most common extra salivary manifestation
    • Unilateral in 75% cases
    • Characterised by testicular swelling and tenderness
  • Pancreatitis
    • characterised by upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
    • Leading cause of pancreatitis in children
  • Ovaritis
    • Characterised by lower abdominal pain and enlarged ovaries
  • Myocarditis
  • Thyroiditis
  • Hepatitis
  • polyarthritis
  • Neurologic complications
    • meningitis
    • encephalitis
    • nerve deafness – one of the main infectious causes of sensorineural deafness
    • facial pasly
    • cerebellar ataxia
    • transverse myelitis

Mumps infection in pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortion. Mumps causing congenital anomalies have not been described.

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