Components of parenteral nutrition

  • Parenteral nutrition consists of various macronutrients and micronutrients. They include
    • Dextrose – used as an energy source – concentration ranges from 5-70%
    • Amino acids – used for synthesis of proteins – concentration ranges from 3-20%
    • Lipid emulsions – used both as an energy source and as a source of essential fatty acids
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals

Clinical nutrition for surgical patients By Mary Marian, Scott A. Shikora, Mary Russell

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