- Demographic gap is the difference between birth rate and death rate that develops when a country undergoes demographic transition
- In a demographic cycle, as the country develops and the living conditions improve, there is first a decrease in the death rate in the population
- But the birth rate continues to remain at a high level
- This results in a demographic gap and a resultant increase in the total size of population
- The demographic gap is maintained till the birth rate and death rates become equal and the population size becomes stable
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