- Proper diet is essential to maintain the health of the mother and the fetus during pregnancy
- Pregnancy has a total energy expenditure of 60000 kcal over and above the normal requirement
- A lactating woman requires and additional 550 kcal per day
- Average weight gain in a normal healthy pregnancy is about 12kg
- Studies indicate that the weight gain in poor women in India averaged 6.5 kg
- Maternal weight gain in pregnancy is directly related to the birth weight of the baby and the risk of infections and other complications in the infant
- Another important factor is adequate supplementation of iron and folic acid
- Maternal anemia can result in complications like intrauterine growth retardation and post partum haemorrhage
- It also results in inadequate iron stores in the infant which may predispose to anemia in the neonatal period even if the haemoglobin levels at birth were normal
- Hence it is very important to provide diet adequate in calories and nutrients during pregnancy
Copyright © 2008-2018 PG Blazer.
Disclaimer : Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the material, the authors will not be held responsible for any inadvertent errors. The information in this site is provided only as a resource for PG entrance aspirants, and is not to be used for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.