Juvenile Delinquency – Definition, Causes and Prevention

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  • The Children Act, 1960 defines a delinquent as:
    • ‘A child who has committed an offence’
  • But juvenile delinquency includes not only juvenile crime, but all aspects of deviations from normal behaviour like habitual disobedience, interaction with immoral people and antisocial activities
  • Statistics from the United States reveal that about 2% of children between 7 and 17 years of age attend juvenile courts
  • Similar statistics are not available in India

Causes for juvenile delinquency:

  • Biological causes:
    • Heredity
    • Hormonal imbalance
    • XYY genotype
  • Social causes:
    • Broken homes
    • Death of parents
    • Separation of parents
  • Other causes
    • Industrialization
    • Urbanization
    • Absence of recreation facilities

Prevention:

  • Improving family values
  • Schooling
  • Social welfare schemes

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