National vector borne disease control programme (NVBDCP)

  • National vector borne disease control programme (NVBDCP) is implemented in the states and union territories of India for prevention and control of vector borne diseases
  • The diseases which come under this program are:
    • Malaria
    • Filariasis
    • Dengue
    • Japanese encephalitis
    • Kala azar
    • Chikungunya
  • Among these, all except kala-azar are transmitted by mosquitoes
  • The directorate for NVBDCP is responsible for planning, policy making, technical guidance,  monitoring and evaluation of the program
  • The states are responsible for planning, implementation and supervision of the program
  • A three pronged strategy is utilised in NVBDCP
    1. Control of disease
      • early diagnosis and treatment
      • referral services
      • epidemic preparedness and rapid response
    2. Vector control
      • Indoor space spraying
      • Use of larvivorous fish
      • insecticide treated bed nets
      • source reduction
      • minor environment engineering
    3. supportive interventions
      • behavior change communication
      • public private partnerships
      • operational research into drug resistance and insecticide susceptibility
      • monitoring and evaluation through periodic field visits

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NVBDCP – Acronym

NVBDCP stands for: National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme